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Posts Tagged ‘heart attack’

REPOST: Heart attacks more common among the unemployed

This article from HealthNews.com talks about the claim that an unemployed person is more prone to heart attack than a person with a job.

 

Image Source: healthnews.com

Image Source: healthnews.com

 

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – People who have recently lost their jobs are more likely to suffer a heart attack than their employed peers, a new study suggests.

Researchers found each successive job loss was tied to a higher chance of heart problems among more than 13,000 older adults. Still, it’s not clear if or how unemployment, itself, might have caused the extra heart attacks.

Matthew Dupre, the lead researcher on the report from the Duke Clinical Research Institute in Durham, North Carolina, said a combination of stress, worsening lifestyle and poor management of chronic conditions without health insurance may be to blame.

“Those without a job may be unable to control their high blood pressure or to manage their diabetes (with their usual medication), or rates of smoking may be exacerbated,” Dupre told Reuters Health.

But it’s too early to know for sure what’s behind the link, he said, which means it’s also too early to recommend ways to ward off heart problems among the recently-unemployed.

The new data came from a large U.S. study of 13,451 adults who were interviewed every other year, for an average of 12 years, about their health, lifestyle and life events such as employment and job loss.

Study participants were 55 years old at the onset, on average, and two-thirds of them were overweight or obese. One in seven people was initially unemployed.

During the research period, 1,061 of all participants – almost eight percent – had a heart attack.

Dupre’s team found the more times people had been let go leading up to the latest survey, the higher their chance of having a heart attack. Unemployment was still linked to a 35 percent increased risk of heart attack after the researchers accounted for the effects of poverty and education, as well as race, age and other heart risks.

“We weren’t surprised to find the association, but we were surprised to find that the effects were so large, on par with classic risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes,” Dupre said.

“The associations are strong, and they remain despite accounting for a whole host of possible explanations.”

FIRST YEAR OUT

People were especially likely to have a heart attack during their first year of being out of work, the researchers reported Monday in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over 900,000 Americans have a heart attack every year.

Dupre said people who have recently lost their jobs, as well as the doctors who treat them, should be aware of these added heart risks and be extra vigilant about the signs and symptoms of a heart attack.

The author of a commentary published with the study said more research is needed to understand why unemployment may affect health and who is most at risk for such problems.

Studies have shown “a fairly convincing relationship between job loss and adverse health,” according to William Gallo, from City University of New York.

However, he wrote, “Egregiously absent is research on why and how a socioeconomic exposure, such as job loss, influences health.”

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Study: Treating Sleep Disorder May Thwart Heart Disease

Studies show that treating sleep disorders may reduce the risk of heart disease. Find out more in this article from USNews.com.

 

Image credit: lifestyles55.net

Image credit: lifestyles55.net

 

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) — People with obstructive sleep apnea have the same early cardiovascular damage as people with diabetes, a small new study finds.
Obstructive sleep apnea — a common disorder marked by disrupted breathing during sleep — increases the risk of high blood pressure, heart rhythm disorders, heart attack, stroke, sudden cardiac death and heart failure.

There are not enough studies in the medical literature on early cardiovascular dysfunction in patients with [obstructive sleep apnea], when active steps can be taken to prevent progression to heart failure,” study author Dr. Raluca Mincu of Bucharest, Romania, said in a European Society of Cardiology news release.

Because obstructive sleep apnea leads to many cardiovascular disorders, the researchers compared early cardiovascular dysfunction in sleep apnea patients and patients with diabetes, which is a typical risk factor for cardiovascular disease, Mincu added.

The study included 20 patients with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea, 20 patients with treated type 2 diabetes and 20 healthy people. They underwent tests to assess the condition of their arteries.

“Patients with moderate to severe [obstructive sleep apnea] had endothelial dysfunction and higher arterial stiffness than [the healthy people], and their results were similar to patients with diabetes,” Mincu said. This suggests that obstructive sleep apnea is associated with a high risk for cardiovascular disease, Mincu added.

Endothelial dysfunction means that the inner lining of blood vessels does not function normally.

The study was scheduled for presentation this week at the annual meeting of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging in Athens, Greece.

“Patients should realize that behind snoring there can be a serious cardiac pathology and they should get referred to a sleep specialist,” Mincu said. “If they are diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, they are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and need to adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle to reduce that risk.”

“Our study is a signal for cardiologists, pneumologists and general practitioners to work together to actively diagnose obstructive sleep apnea, administer the appropriate treatment (continuous positive airway pressure — CPAP) and assess arterial function,” Mincu concluded. “This will help avoid progression of early cardiovascular dysfunction through to heart failure, the final stage of heart disease.”

Data and conclusions presented at meetings are typically considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed medical journal.

Source: http://health.usnews.com/health-news/news/articles/2012/12/05/study-treating-sleep-disorder-may-thwart-heart-disease